What is the death of God? Who is this God?
According to Nietzsche, God is our longest lie, God is the personification of all the various moral and religious certainties through which humanity has given a reassuring sense to the reigning chaos. God is the essence of all man-made beliefs to cope with the fear of the absence of logic, and therefore of something beneficial that guides everyone’s life.
For Nietzsche, there is only one world, and this world is false, a cruel, contradictory and meaningless world. Therefore, we need the lie to overcome this reality, that is, to live moderately happy.
God is the belief, in an otherworldly that is metaphysical, it represents an escape from existence.
With the expression “God is dead,” Nietzsche means the end of the certainties that have guided men but, the death of God, is not an event but something in progress, and is announced by the so-called “madman” that is the philosopher , while the rest of humanity is not yet fully aware of this truth that causes trauma, the trauma caused by God’s death is the prelude to the advent of superman. Only those who have become aware and accept that there are no more reassuring lies can be able to relate to reality and therefore plan their existence in a free way and beyond any metaphysical construction.
The third phase of Nietzsche’s philosophy opens precisely with the superman, the philosophical concept that is placed in the future and which corresponds to the idea of a new man, different from what we all know. The characteristics of this superman are the acceptance of the intrinsic dimension of existence, the awareness of the death of God, and the end of certainties, the new man, remains faithful to the earth, remains faithful to his body, which are the the only realities in which to express one’s essence.
The superman lives in the continuous, going beyond himself, he lives in creating, planning his existence in a free way and beyond any established scheme.
In this, he is an artist, as he establishes a sense in the face of the chaos of the world and frees himself from the weight of time and the past. The superman is the one who has understood that it is he himself who gives meaning to life and makes his own the so-called “aristocratic morality” which says yes to life and therefore to the world. The superman is a disciple of Dionysus, since he accepts life in all its manifestations, in the pleasure of becoming understood as an alternation of life and death, of joy and pain.
This man faces life with a sort of courageous pessimism, and is capable of combining fatalism with trust and has freed himself from the worn concepts of good and evil, through an elitist indifference to ethical values that he considers dead. For the “other man” every moment is the center of his time of which he is always the protagonist, the eternal return, that is, the eternal repetition, in this context is the doctrine that Nietzsche puts into the new conception of the world, that is the present moment, must be lived spontaneously, without continuity with the past and with the future, because past and future are illusions, in fact every moment repeats itself identically in the past as in the future, like a die thrown to infinity, because time is infinite, it will give an infinite number of times the same numbers, as its choices are a finite number.
In conclusion, the true “superman” is the one who no longer dances in chains but freely and with grace, as he is a free spirit in all senses.
The moment that man lives is immense, it incorporates all its meaning in itself, its uniqueness has always generated a series of criticisms, a series of questions. One of the questions that has arisen in the history of criticism is the consideration of what the real Nietzsche is or what his real intent was and what he wanted to communicate in his works.
The refusal of any passive acceptance of reality, understood in a positivistic sense, in the sense of “everything is suffering” that Schopenhauer gives him, philosophy says, rather reveals a sort of romantic titanism but in a new vision of the world, which is a post – romantic vision.
Nietzsche repudiates the tyranny of reason over men, for which he blames Socrates, Plato, Descartes, and blames the Enlightenment and even the positivists of his time. This attitude of profound questioning of the rational – idealistic vein, merged into Hegel and Kant (idealism which for Nietzsche also includes Christianity) at the same time entails a total re-discussion of the metaphysical tradition, so rather than a rejection of rationalism, we must speak of the rejection of an idealism.
Nietzsche can be associated with Kierkegaard, both have a purely existential orientation and both are considered precursors of existentialism.
The first, however, does not share the cynicism of life that inevitably leads to despair and prevents man from joyfully accepting existence, as well as not sharing Christian beliefs but … these are choices that only you can make, according to your conscience. Personally, I just hope to have stimulated your curiosity.
See you soon